All of the genres and skills you need to teach . When you close the lid, the waste drops into a pan. You are being redirecting to Scholastic's authentication page... For more support materials, visit our Help Center. Grown men and women fainted in the streets. More and more people were forced to empty their cesspools into the city’s creaky old sewers.

Gather students in a small group and read the story aloud with them or play our audio version. Five winners will get How We Got to Now by Steven Johnson. What if no homes in your town had one?

putrid, epidemics, innovative), as well as metaphors and onomatopoeia.Â. Many developing countries don’t have enough of either. The problem isn’t merely gross. It grew thick, brown, and foul. These cesspools were usually 6 feet deep and 4 feet wide. Newspapers call this “The Great Stink.”. It was designed to prevent human waste from flowing into the River Thames. The sewers, however, were never designed for human waste—they were built to drain rainwater into the Thames to prevent flooding. More and more people were forced to empty their cesspools into the city’s creaky old sewers. Climate change is triggering heavier storms that overload pipes with rainwater.Â. The poop-filled Thames was London’s main source of drinking water. In some places, waste has been oozing into the drinking water supply. With handkerchiefs pressed to their noses, they quickly passed a law mandating the construction of a new sewer system. A dazzling new invention was making things worse. The new sewer system was expensive. Cholera, a violent stomach sickness that could kill a person within 24 hours.

Government leaders worked in a building beside the Thames. Over the past 50 years, tens of thousands of people have died from drinking the polluted water of the River Thames. When London’s new sewer system opened in 1865, it was considered a technological marvel. Over time, the smell became a stench, and the stench became a reek. Many experts say we may be approaching a new sewage crisis. In 1858, London was caught in the grip of a horrifying health crisis: Its largest river was overflowing with poop. Soon, the Thames was poop-free once again. The system officially opened in 1865. Highlighted words: conventional, developing countries, epidemics, fertilizer, intricate, organic, putrid, treatment plants. R.1, R.2, R.3, R.4, R.5, R.7, R.9, W.2, SL.1, SL.2, L.4, L.5, L.6, RI.6.1, RI.6.2, RI.6.4, RI.6.7, RI.6.9 W.6.2, SL.6.1, SL.6.2 L.6.4, L.6.6, RI.7.1, RI.7.2, RI.7.4, W.7.2, SL.7.1, SL.7.2, L.7.4, L.7.6, RI.8.1, RI.8.2, RI.8.4, W.8.2, SL.8.1, SL.8.2, L.8.4, L.8.6, 1c, 1d, 2a, 2b, 3a, 4a, 5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e, 5f, 5g, 5h, 5i, 6a, 6b, 6c, 6d, 6e, 6f, 6g, 6h, 6i, 6j (grade 8 only), 8d, 8f, 9a, 9b, 9c, 9d, 9e, 9f, 10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, 10e, 11a, 11b, 11c, 11d, 12d, 12e, 12f, 12g, 12i, 12j. Many experts say we may be approaching a new sewage crisis. For years, Londoners have been dumping human waste into the Thames [TEMZ], the great river that rushes through the city.

Mountains of dung from thousands of horses choked the streets. The U.S. faces sanitation challenges too. But you don’t notice any of that. Then ask an adult in your family to help you mail it or find a worker to give it to. Until the early 1800s, London’s system for dealing with waste was fairly simple.

The first text describes a human-waste crisis in 19th-century London. Even if government leaders didn’t understand exactly why the Great Stink was dangerous, they knew something had to be done—fast. Every issue of Storyworks is aligned to support today's challenging standards in English language arts. As you read these articles, think about how big problems can spark the creation of new inventions.Â. In China some 1,000 years ago, sewage was pumped through dome-shaped tunnels. In 1866, one final cholera epidemic struck London, but it was limited to a neighborhood that had not yet been connected to the new sewer system.

Many experts say we are nearing a sewage crisis. Climate change is triggering heavier storms that overload pipes with rainwater. It depicts the Thames as the River Styx. The challenge was designed to encourage innovators to come up with creative ways to solve the world’s sanitation crisis. And then, in the scorching summer of 1858, it became a crisis. Give students a few minutes to respond. The sewers would run underground alongside the river rather than into it, carrying waste out of the city and away from where people lived. By the middle of the century, 2 million people lived in London.

Thousands were leaving their farms to work at factories in cities. Play the game above to catch as many pieces of trash as possible from a river. This article was written by Allison Friedman for Storyworks magazine. Any solid waste—aka poop—is burned into ash.

Today, 4.5 billion people cannot get rid of human waste without harming people or the environment. The problem isn’t merely gross. The overpowering, stomach-turning, eye-watering smell of poop. If we don’t take action, we could soon be holding our noses through the Great Stink Part 2. Draw your design, label its parts, and explain how it works in a few sentences. Since the 1800s, many city populations have continued to multiply. What if none of the homes in your town had a toilet? We go, we flush, we wash our hands.

Some familiarity with how modern sewage systems work will aid in comprehension. In ancient South Asian cities, clay pipes and brick channels carried waste away from homes. Horse-drawn carriages clip-clop through the streets. Under these pressures, the original sewers—once a dazzling modern wonder—have begun to leak, break, clog, and overflow. The system officially opened in 1865. Learning Objective: to synthesize information about sanitation challenges past and present from two nonfiction articles.

To make matters worse, a dazzling new invention was becoming increasingly popular: the flush toilet. Horse-drawn carriages clip-clop through the streets.

Soot from factories blackened the air. They used the night soil as fertilizer. Write the following statements on the board: 443 million school days are lost each year because of ________-related diseases. Londoners weren’t just disgusted by the stink. These critters eat organic waste— including feces. Poop is crawling with germs that can cause dozens of diseases, including cholera. The Nano Membrane toilet gets rid of waste by burning it. It might seem like the answer is to build more toilets and sewer systems in these places, but it’s not that simple. Before long, there would be a crisis, just as there was in London back in 1858. The steaming heat is cooking the filthy river into a bubbling, foul-smelling stew. Vocabulary: some higher-level and domain-specific words, such as epidemics, fertilizer, putrid, treatment plants

London’s new sewer system inspired similar projects in cities around the world, including in U.S. cities like New York. Families crammed into tiny apartments thick with the smell of sweat. (The answer is water.) The Thames became overloaded with human waste. Poop is crawling with germs that can cause dozens of diseases, including cholera. The problem isn’t merely gross. TM ® & © 2020 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. This article was originally published in the April 2020 issue. These sticky blobs trap up all kinds of stuff: baby wipes, cotton balls, food scraps- stuff that should be recycled or placed in the trash, not flushed.

These cesspools were usually 6 feet deep and 4 feet wide. Soon there was too much night soil to collect and not enough farmers to buy it. Make sure to end your letter with a closing like “Sincerely,” or “Hope to hear from you soon!” and then sign your name.

Kids sell newspapers, cigars, and fried fish on the street.

TM ® & © 2020 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Londoners worried that the Great Stink would unleash a new wave of death across the city. Cholera, a violent stomach sickness that could kill a person within 24 hours.

Take a closer look at Storyworks' dynamic ELA resources. People miles away threw up after catching a whiff on the wind. Another new toilet turns waste into fertilizer using heat. In your answer, draw on information from the articles as well as a third text of your choice. More than 30,000 people had died. Check back soon for more announcements and tutorials. The challenge was designed to encourage innovators to come up with creative ways to solve the world’s sanitation crisis.