The minimum aims of each Little Joe shot could be supplemented from time to time with studies of noise levels, heat and pressure loads, heat shield separation, and the behavior of animal riders, so long as the measurements could be accomplished with minimum telemetry. The probability of rolling "a little Joe" is 1/12, or 8.333...%. MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource. The Little Joe name has been attributed to Maxime Faget at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. As an " outsider " - I can only surmise that THEY fully realize that their OFF-AXIS -,,, (You must log in or sign up to reply here. Little Joe. Collection of teaching and learning tools built by Wolfram education experts: dynamic textbook, lesson plans, widgets, interactive Demonstrations, and more. Since all the capsules boosted by the Little Joe rockets were expected to be recovered, onboard recording techniques would also contribute to the simplicity of the system. The first flights were to secure measurements of inflight and impact forces on the capsule; later flights were to measure critical parameters at the progressively higher altitudes of 20,000, 250,000, and 500,000 feet (6, 75, and 150 km). The first rocket designed solely for manned spacecraft qualifications, Little Joe was also one of the pioneer operational launch vehicles using the rocket cluster principle. ). Knowledge-based programming for everyone. As the blueprints for this cluster of four rockets began to emerge from their drawing boards, the designers' nickname for their project gradually was adopted. So I said the hell with it and finally took their first AC class, and all the hype is nothing in compare to the LJ results. North American had manufactured seven Little Joe airframes, but one of these had been retained at the plant in Downey, California, for static loading tests. To gain this kind of experience as soon as possible, its designers had to keep the clustered booster simple in concept; it should use solid fuel and existing proven equipment whenever possible, and should be free of any electronic guidance and control systems. Really that is pretty amazing! Gardner, M. Mathematical Magic Show: More Puzzles, Games, Diversions, Illusions and Other Mathematical Sleight-of-Mind I remember years ago that Bob & Joe of Little Joe fame when pleaded with to make a a DVD of the Little Joe toss, no matter how many people hounded them to do so they stayed true to their word and never made a DVD. The Little Joe 1 launch vehicle with Mercury capsule, August 1959. The official Mercury mission numbering designation was a two-letter designation that corresponded to the launch vehicle type, followed by a dash then a digit indicating the particular set of flight objectives, and an optional letter used to distinguish further flights to accomplish those objectives. A successor, Little Joe II, was used for flight testing of the Apollo launch escape system from 1963-1966. The Missile Division of North American Aviation won the contract on December 29, 1958; and began work immediately in Downey, California, on its order for seven booster airframes and one mobile launcher. The #1 tool for creating Demonstrations and anything technical. A roll of 4 on a pair of six-sided dice in the game of craps (Gardner 1978, p. 256). Little Joe was an unmanned United States solid-fueled booster rocket used for eight launches from 1959-1960 from Wallops Island, Virginia to test the launch escape system and heat shield for Project Mercury capsules, as well as the name given to the test program using the booster. 40 Topics 124 Posts ... Craps. Weren't you a PO for 15 years? The engineers who mothered Little Joe to maturity knew it was not much to look at, but they hoped that their ungainly rocket would prove the legitimacy of most of the ballistic capsule design concepts, thereby earning its own honor. Answers for CRAPS THROW CALLED 'LITTLE JOE' crossword clue. from Scientific American. A roll of 4 on a pair of six-sided dice in the game of craps (Gardner 1978, p. 256). The Little Joe name has been attributed to Maxime Faget at NASA's Langley Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. And, unlike the larger launch vehicles, Little Joe could be shot from the existing facilities at Wallops Island. For the Project Apollo test program, see. Practice online or make a printable study sheet. Twelve companies responded during November 1958 to the invitations for bids to construct the airframe of Little Joe. The designers made the Little Joe booster assembly to approximate the same performance that the Army's Redstone booster would have with the capsule payload. The success of Little Joe 1B in January 1960 meant that the next flight, the sixth, to be known as Little Joe 5, would be the first to fly a real Mercury capsule from the McDonnell production line. Explore thousands of free applications across science, mathematics, engineering, technology, business, art, finance, social sciences, and more. Walk through homework problems step-by-step from beginning to end.

It is very much like gossip, opinions, speculation, wives tales, unreliability, no direct knowledge. Weisstein, Eric W. "Little Joe." Hints help you try the next step on your own. A successor, Little Joe II, would later be used for flight testing of the Apollo crew escape system. As of 21 January 1960, the Little Joe series of five actual and attempted flights had expended four of the six test boosters North American had made for NASA and five prototype capsules made in the Langley shops. Here SnakeEyes post about classes he has taken from, Set the dice to an ALL 7 Dice Set - Throw the dice with enough energy / velocity to knock them " OFF-AXIS " -. Harley, ... And for the record, I , too, have taken lessons from the both of them - But in reverse order -, ... there is a MAJOR problem here - IF HARLEY can / will NOT answer your question - Then - in MY estimation - NO one can / will -, Will the real SnakeEyes please stand up ?! Tip, should you someday ever see some oddball confused looking guy rolling dice down the table, be sure to load up on the Dark Side you'll make a killing. The managers of the Mercury program recognized that the numerous early test flights would have to be accomplished by a far less expensive booster system. to ) is sometimes called "Little Joe on Viagra.".

Explore anything with the first computational knowledge engine.

Furthermore, the additional powerful explosive pull of the tractor-rocket escape system could be demonstrated under the most severe takeoff conditions imaginable. New York: Vintage, 1978. The first of only two booster systems designed specifically and solely for manned capsule qualifications, Little Joe was also one of the pioneer operational launch vehicles using the rocket cluster principle. The primary purpose of this relatively small and simple booster system was to save money—by allowing numerous test flights to qualify various solutions to the myriad problems associated with the development of manned space flight, especially the problem of escaping from an explosion at or during launch. The primary test objectives for these solid-fuel-boosted models were an integral part of the development flight program conducted within NASA by the Space Task Group, with Langley and Wallops support. LOL. Fighting on one thread, but here all best buds sharing info? [3] Although four smaller circles were added later to represent the addition of Recruit rocket motors, the original name stuck. As drop tests of boilerplate capsules provided new aerodynamic data on the dynamic stability of the configuration in free-fall, the need for comparable data on the powered phase quickly became apparent. Advanced Little Joe.

So the official designation for the first Little Joe flight was "LJ-1." In January 1958, Max Faget and Paul Purser had worked out in considerable detail on paper how to cluster four of the solid-fuel Sergeant rockets, in standard use at the Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia, to boost a manned nose cone above the stratosphere. Mathematical Magic Show: More Puzzles, Games, Diversions, Illusions and Other Mathematical Sleight-of-Mind NASA - This New Ocean: A History of Project Mercury, NASA Report: Performance characteristics of the Little Joe launch vehicle - September 1962, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 5, Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 14,, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 12:53. Little Joe: Slang for a pair of twos or Hard 4. A successor, Little Joe II, was used for flight … The primary mission objectives for Little Joe as seen in late 1958 (in addition to studying the capsule dynamics at progressively higher altitudes) were to test the capsule escape system at maximum dynamic pressure, to qualify the parachute system, and to verify search and retrieval methods.

The technical evaluation of these proposals was carried on in much the same manner as for the spacecraft, except that Langley Research Center itself carried the bulk of the administrative load.