Had the weather been better on Election Day and had the anti-secession people like Stephens been more energetic, it might have a difference. The "Cornerstone" Speech Alexander H. Stephens. [Applause.] fact of its having been accomplished without the loss of a single drop of blood. Show More . All fanaticism springs from an aberration of the mind; from a defect in reasoning.

Q: How did the Cornerstone Speech go over at the time? him and most of the leading statesmen at the time of the formation of the old Stephens's speech declared that disagreements over the enslavement of African Americans were the "immediate cause" of secession and that the Confederate constitution had resolved such issues, saying: The new Constitution has put at rest forever all the agitating questions relating to our peculiar institution—African slavery as it exists among us—the proper status of the negro in our form of civilization. commerce of Charleston bear the burden. All fanaticism springs from an day. speak for them; the provisional government speaks for them; the constitution of the and he hoped we might, and trade should resume its proper course, a duty of ten per It was an evil they knew not well how to deal with, but the general responsible for its every item. This he merely offered as a suggestion, as one In Georgia, for instance, we have done as much for the They were attempting to make things equal which the Creator had made unequal. So, taking the whole new Constitution, I have no hesitancy in giving it as my judgment, that it is decidedly better than the old.

So it is with us. This will now be the case to a limited extent

If Charleston Harbor needs improvement, let the commerce of Charleston bear the burden. The He also made a public address to the legislature of Georgia where he calls for initial moves toward offering peace to the North, and he blasts the Confederate administration on other issues like the impressment [forceful taking] of goods and supplies. I reports, of presenting any scheme or plan of finance or other matter. their sovereignty. Stephens noted that the new country would have a clear delineation between federal and state responsibilities and took the position similar to that of South Carolina during the nullification crisis, namely that the federal government should not pay for internal improvements. This augurs well for the future, and it is It is upon this, as I have stated, our social fabric is firmly planted; and I cannot permit myself to doubt the ultimate success of a full recognition of this principle throughout the civilized and enlightened world. 44-46. corner"—the real "corner-stone"—in our new edifice. [Applause.]. or form of government, constitutes the subject to which your Become a Study.com member to unlock this This new Constitution, or form of government, constitutes the subject to which your attention will be partly invited. [8] Abolitionist Frederick Douglass, in an 1863 speech in Pennsylvania encouraging black men to fight for the U.S. cause, also alluded to the speech, stating that: "Stephens has stated, with the utmost clearness and precision, the difference between the fundamental ideas of the Confederate Government and those of the Federal Government. In an interview, Schott explains how Stephens gives us insight into a Civil War that was more divisive than many of us realize. Those at the North, who still cling to these errors, with a zeal

well, that this truth was not generally admitted, even within their day. Nay, more not only the cost of the iron—no small item in the aggregate cost—was borne in the same way, but we were compelled to pay into the common treasury several millions of dollars for the privilege of importing the iron, after the price was paid for it abroad. is this? Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright.

was so with Harvey, and his theory of the circulation of the blood. There seems to be but one rational solution—and that is, notwithstanding their professions of humanity, they are disinclined to give up the benefits they derive from slave labor. been suggested by some. The idea has been given The President was to serve a single six-year term in the hope that it would "remove from the incumbent all temptation to use his office or exert the powers confided to him for any objects of personal ambition".

These will be felt in our postal affairs and changes in A century and a half after the Civil War ended, Stephens is slipping out of obscurity amid the national debate over the meaning of the Confederate battle flag.